International CARDS Journal

Volume 3, Issue 2 2022 Q1

Assessments in blended learning environments

El-Sabagh (2021) studies adaptive electronic learning environments and their effectiveness based on the learning styles of students.  Senkbeil (2021) examine self-reported achievement with prior experience in information communication technology related abilities.  Harrison and Polizzi (2021) review the risks of information communication technologies in education with moral theory.  Anthony Jnr (2021) discovers components which influence perception of blended learning by educators in higher education.

Thompson, Pawson, and Evans (2021) evaluate the stress for students to adapt to higher education environments.  Bergstrom, Courant, McAfee, and Williams (2014) suggest transparency in negotiation for institutions and large journal publishers to navigate the cost of bundle subscriptions.  Griffiths, Dickinson, and Day (2021) measure the relationship between student involvement in extracurricular activities and their self-reported perception of participation in institutions.  Cornish (2021) explore assessments for measuring the ability of students to achieve skills relative to employment after graduation.

Strategies to remove challenges in academic diversity may include environment and instructional design (Downing & McCoy, 2021; Thuen Jørgensen & Brogaard, 2021).  Thuen Jørgensen and Brogaard (2021) study evidence of challenges in academic diversity that manifest with attendance, engagement, and learning outcomes.  Downing and McCoy (2021) describe pedagogical strategies to improve learning outcomes in diverse demographics.  Shoreman-Ouimet (2021) explores strategies for introducing the topic of climate change in instructional design.





Anthony Jnr, B. (2021). An exploratory study on academic staff perception towards blended learning in higher education. Education and Information Technologies. doi:10.1007/s10639-021-10705-x

Bergstrom, T. C., Courant, P. N., McAfee, R. P., & Williams, M. A. (2014). Evaluating big deal journal bundles. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201403006. doi:10.1073/pnas.1403006111

Cornish, C. (2021). The paradox of BKSB assessments and functional skills: the experiences of ‘disengaged’ youth on an employability course in a further education college. Journal of Further and Higher Education, 1-13. doi:10.1080/0309877X.2021.1945001

Downing, G. A., & McCoy, W. N. (2021). Exploring mathematics of the sociopolitical through culturally relevant pedagogy in a college algebra course at a historically black college university. Journal of Urban Mathematics Education, 14(1), 45–70.

El-Sabagh, H. A. (2021). Adaptive e-learning environment based on learning styles and its impact on development students' engagement. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 18(1), 53. doi:10.1186/s41239-021-00289-4

Griffiths, T.-L., Dickinson, J., & Day, C. J. (2021). Exploring the relationship between extracurricular activities and student self-efficacy within university. Journal of Further and Higher Education, 1-16. doi:10.1080/0309877X.2021.1951687

Harrison, T., & Polizzi, G. (2021). (In)civility and adolescents’ moral decision making online: drawing on moral theory to advance digital citizenship education. Education and Information Technologies. doi:10.1007/s10639-021-10710-0

Senkbeil, M. (2021). ICT-related variables as predictors of ICT literacy beyond intelligence and prior achievement. Education and Information Technologies. doi:10.1007/s10639-021-10759-x

Shoreman-Ouimet, E. (2021). It's time to (climate) change the way we teach: Addressing anthropogenic climate change in social science classrooms. Learning and Teaching, 14(2), 76-86. doi:10.3167/latiss.2021.140205

Thompson, M., Pawson, C., & Evans, B. (2021). Navigating entry into higher education: the transition to independent learning and living. Journal of Further and Higher Education, 1-13. doi:10.1080/0309877X.2021.1933400

Thuen Jørgensen, M., & Brogaard, L. (2021). Using differentiated teaching to address academic diversity in higher education: Empirical evidence from two cases. Learning and Teaching, 14(2), 87-110. doi:10.3167/latiss.2021.140206

Technology applications in audiovisual arts

Research in acoustic analysis may support development of tools for individuals with visual impairments (Metatla et al., 2016; Neto, Fontoura Junior, Bordini, Otsuka, & Beder, 2020).  Metatla et al. (2016) provide a participatory design study to provide resources for individuals with visual impairments to improve non-visual design ideas.  Neto et al. (2020) design and implement an educational game for individuals with visual impairments.

Video and image algorithms may support applications such as gesture detection and  virtual reality (Chin-Shyurng, Lee, & Wu, 2019; Park, 2021).  Chin-Shyurng et al. (2019) discover applications of video analysis in detecting musical characteristics from conductor gesture motions.  Bouaafia, Khemiri, Messaoud, and Sayadi (2021) explore algorithms for video analysis.  Park (2021) discusses strategies for arraying video for virtual reality.  Nagy, Lovas, Pintye, Hajnal, and Kacsuk (2021) discuss the efficiency of open source tools in cloud environments.  Nyeem, Boles, and Boyd (2014)  explore digital watermarking tools for property rights management of digital images.

Optimization of algorithms may provide technology applications in audiovisual arts (Youngblood, 2019; Zawidzki & Szklarski, 2020).  Youngblood (2019) study music sampling and the relationship with artist collaboration and location in contemporary music.  Zawidzki and Szklarski (2020) review optimization techniques and applications for architectural design.  Kum and Nam (2019) present an algorithm for extracting voices and pitches in acoustic analysis.  Bengtsson and Edlom (2021) suggest improving transparency while abiding to ethics and regulations in media platforms may support data collection, analysis, and research.




Bengtsson, L. R., & Edlom, J. (2021). Mapping transmedia marketing in the music industry: A methodology. Media and Communication, 9(3), 164–174.

Bouaafia, S., Khemiri, R., Messaoud, S., & Sayadi, F. E. (2021). Complexity analysis of new future video coding (FVC) standard technology. International Journal of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting, 2021, 6627673. doi:10.1155/2021/6627673

Chin-Shyurng, F., Lee, S.-E., & Wu, M.-L. (2019). Real-time musical conducting gesture recognition based on a dynamic time warping classifier using a single-depth camera. Applied Sciences, 9(3). doi:10.3390/app9030528

Kum, S., & Nam, J. (2019). Joint detection and classification of singing voice melody using convolutional recurrent neural networks. Applied Sciences, 9(7). doi:10.3390/app9071324

Metatla, O., Martin, F., Parkinson, A., Bryan-Kinns, N., Stockman, T., & Tanaka, A. (2016). Audio-haptic interfaces for digital audio workstations. Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces, 10(3), 247-258. doi:10.1007/s12193-016-0217-8

Nagy, E., Lovas, R., Pintye, I., Hajnal, Á., & Kacsuk, P. (2021). Cloud-agnostic architectures for machine learning based on Apache Spark. Advances in Engineering Software, 159, 103029. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advengsoft.2021.103029

Neto, L. V., Fontoura Junior, P. H. F., Bordini, R. A., Otsuka, J. L., & Beder, D. M. (2020). Design and implementation of an educational game considering issues for visually impaired people inclusion. Smart Learning Environments, 7(1), 4. doi:10.1186/s40561-019-0103-4

Nyeem, H., Boles, W., & Boyd, C. (2014). Digital image watermarking: Its formal model, fundamental properties and possible attacks. EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, 2014(1), 135. doi:10.1186/1687-6180-2014-135

Park, J. (2021). Multi-session multicasting for 360-degree video multicast over OFDMA systems. International Journal of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting, 2021, 5560312. doi:10.1155/2021/5560312

Youngblood, M. (2019). Cultural transmission modes of music sampling traditions remain stable despite delocalization in the digital age. PLoS One, 14(2), e0211860. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0211860

Zawidzki, M., & Szklarski, J. (2020). Multi-objective optimization of the floor plan of a single story family house considering position and orientation. Advances in Engineering Software, 141, 102766. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advengsoft.2019.102766

Challenges for data protection regulation

Limitations in data regulation may require further regulations to protect participants of scientific research and advance technological innovation (Christofi, Wauters, & Valcke, 2021; Ducato, 2020).  Ducato (2020) describe some of the challenges in the General Data Protection Regulation for scientific research and data collection.  Christofi et al. (2021) discuss limitations in General Data Protection Regulation for developing smart cities.

Improvements to data protection regulation may address limitations in protection of human rights in artificial intelligence and security of data in public and private sector relationships (Apráez, 2021; Mantelero & Esposito, 2021).  Mantelero and Esposito (2021) suggest data regulations focus on human rights for data protection in artificial intelligence.  Apráez (2021) explores strategies to improve the application of data protection regulations in relationships between public and private sectors.





Apráez, B. E. (2021). Reconsidering the public-private data dichotomy in the European Union’s data sharing policies. European Journal of Law and Technology, 12(1).

Christofi, A., Wauters, E., & Valcke, P. (2021). Smart cities, data protection and the public interest conundrum. European Journal of Law and Technology, 12(1).

Ducato, R. (2020). Data protection, scientific research, and the role of information. Computer Law & Security Review, 37, 105412. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2020.105412

Mantelero, A., & Esposito, M. S. (2021). An evidence-based methodology for human rights impact assessment (HRIA) in the development of AI data-intensive systems. Computer Law & Security Review, 41, 105561. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2021.105561

Emerging Innovations in technology

Technology may present tools for innovations in medicine (Sounderajah et al., 2021).  Sounderajah et al. (2021) provide a systematic review of innovation in health care systems applications.  Mathouraparsad, Regis, Decaluwe, and Mendy (2021) propose models similar to economic models for measuring effects of the health pandemic on national economies.  Tsai, Rammou, Gao, and Mel (2018) examine applications of polymers in regenerative medicine.

Blockchain technologies and wireless systems may be implemented for resolving common issues and providing comfort (Rabinovich-Einy & Katsch, 2019; Zhao, 2021).  Rabinovich-Einy and Katsch (2019) discuss the potential for blockchain technologies to eventually be implemented for dispute resolution systems.  Zhao (2021) explains the conditions for advancements in the technology of smart homes.





Mathouraparsad, S., Regis, S., Decaluwe, B., & Mendy, P. (2021). Evaluation of the economic impacts of COVID-19 with a computable general equilibrium-multi-agent system model. Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education, 11(9).

Rabinovich-Einy, O., & Katsch, E. (2019). Blockchain and the inevitability of disputes: The role for online dispute resolution. Journal of Dispute Resolution.

Sounderajah, V., Patel, V., Varatharajan, L., Harling, L., Normahani, P., Symons, J., . . . Ashrafian, H. (2021). Are disruptive innovations recognised in the healthcare literature? A systematic review. BMJ Innovations, 7(1), 208. doi:10.1136/bmjinnov-2020-000424

Tsai, K. J., Rammou, A., Gao, C., & Mel, A. d. (2018). Biofunctionalization of biomaterials for nitric oxide delivery: Potential applications in regenerative medicine. Advanced Health Care Technologies, 4, 25–36.

Zhao, B. (2021). Seeking legal boundaries of digital home in the IoT age a conceptual reflection. European Journal of Law and Technology, 12(1).